Mughal Dynasty

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Mughal Dynasty / मुग़ल राजवंश

The Mughal Empire was a Muslim imperial power of the Indian subcontinent which began in 1526, ruled most of the Indian Subcontinent by the late 17th and early 18th centuries, and ended in the mid-19th century. The Mughal Emperors were Timurids of Turko-Mongol, later Rajput and Persian, descent, and developed a highly sophisticated mixed Indo-Persian culture. At the height of its power, around 1700, it controlled most of the Indian Subcontinent - extending from present-day Bangladesh in east to Balochistan in west, Kashmir in north to Kaveri basin in south. Its population at that time has been estimated as between 110 and 130 million, over a territory of over 4 million km² (1.5 million mi²). Following 1725 it declined rapidly. Its decline has been variously explained as caused by wars of succession, agrarian crises fueling local revolts, the growth of religious intolerance, and British colonialism. The last Emperor, Bahadur Shah II, whose rule was restricted to the city of Delhi, was imprisoned and exiled by the British after the Indian Rebellion of 1857.

Emperor

  1. 1526–1530 - Babur
  2. 1530–1539, 1555–1556 - Humayun
  3. 1556–1605 - Akbar
  4. 1605–1627 - Jahangir
  5. 1628–1658 - Shah Jahan
  6. 1659–1707 - Aurangzeb

History

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