Vanas of Braj

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Vanas of Braj / ब्रज के वन

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The borders of Braj Mandal are also mentioned in the Brahmanda Purana.[1] According to this Purana, Hasyavana lies in the east of Braj-mandal, Janhuvan in the south, Parvatavana in the west and Suryapattanavan in the north. Corresponding to this description, Hasanagadha of the Agra district, which lies in the east, is known as Hasyavan; in the west, Bahadi-gram near Kamyavan in Rajasthan is known as Parvatavan; in the south, Jajau-gram of the Dhaulpur revenue district is famous as Janhu; and in the north, near Jevara-gram of the Aligarh district, lies Suryapattanavan.In the eighty-four kosas of Braj-mandal, there are forty-eight different forests (vanas), which includes Upavanas (sub-forests), Prativanas and Adhivanas.

According to the Padma Purana, there are Twelve principal forests situated east and west of the Yamuna. They are
(1)Mahavan,
(2)Kamyavan,
(3)Madhuvan,
(4)Talvana,
(5)Kumudvan,
(6)Bhandirvan,
(7)Vrindavan,
(8)Khadirvan,
(9)Lohvan,
(10)Bhadravan,
(11)Bahulavan and
(12)Belvan. Of these twelve forests, seven lie on the western side of the Yamuna – Madhuvan, Talvan, Kumudvan, Bahulavan, Kamyavan, Khadirvan and Vrindavan. The remaining five – Bhadravan, Bhandirvan, Belvan, Lohvan and Mahavan – are situated on the Yamuna's eastern side.

The Varaha Purana mentions Twelve Upavanas:
(1) Brahmavan,
(2) Apsaravan,
(3) Vihvalvan,
(4) Kadambavan,
(5) Svarnavan,
(6) Surbhivan,
(7) Premvan,
(8) Mayurvan,
(9) Manengitavan,
(10) Sesagaylvana,
(11) Naradvan and
(12) Paramanandavan.
The Bhavishya Purana mentions the following Twelve Prativanas:
(1) Rankavan,
(2) Varttavan,
(3) Karahavan,
(4) Kamavan,
(5) Anjanavan,
(6) Karnavan,
(7) Krishnakshipan van,
(8) Nandapreksana Krishnavan,
(9) Indravan,
(10) Shikshavan,
(11) Chandravalivan and
(12) Lohvan.
Finally, the Vishnu Purana describes the following Twelve Adhivanas:
(1) Mathura,
(2) Radha Kund,
(3) Nand Gaon,
(4) Gadha,
(5) Lalita Gram,
(6) Vrishabhanupura,
(7) Gokul,
(8) Balbhadravan,
(9) Govardhan,
(10) Javat,
(11) Vrindavan and
(12) Sanketvan. This adds up to forty-eight forests in all.

References

  1. Chaturdiksha pramanena purvadikramatoganat, purvabhage sthitam konam vanam hasyabhidhanaka
    bhage ca dakshine konam subham janhuvanam sthitam, bhage cha pashchime kone parvatakhyavanam sthitam
    bhage hyuttarakonasyam surya patana sarhjnakam, ityeta Braj maryada chatuskonabhidhayini
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