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Varun / वरुण

  • In Vedic religion, Varuna or Waruna is a god of the sky, of waters and of the celestial ocean, as well as a god of law and of the underworld. He is one of the most prominent Devas in the Rigveda, and lord of the heavens and the earth. In later Hinduism, he continued his dominion over all forms of the water element, particularly the oceans.
  • He was the son of Kashyap by his wife Aditi.
  • He was appointed by Brahma as the lord of the waters and regent of the western quarter.
  • Varun is mostly associated with the Aditya Mitra.
  • Varun had many wives and children.
  • He was married to Devi, the daughter of Shukra and had by her a son named Bal and a daughter named Surd.
  • He was also married to Gauri and Parnasa. Parnasa and he had a son named Shrutayudh.
  • At the request of his mother Shrutayudh received a divine mace from his father. The sons, Agastya and Vasishth were the sons of Mitra and Varun together.
  • Varun also had two more sons, Pushkar and Vandi. Once, enamoured by Bhadra, the wife of sage Utathya, Varun abducted her, but Utathya obliged him to submit and restore her.
  • At Agni's request, Varun presented the Pandav prince Arjun with a chariot yoked with horses, the Gandiv bow and two inexhaustible quivers, and Krishna with the Kaumodki mace and the Sudarshan Chakra for the burning of the Khandav forest.
  • With the blessings of Varun, Harishchandra had a son.
  • The monkey Sushen was also a son of Varun, created by the latter on the command of Brahma to help Ram.