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Haryana / Hariyana / हरियाणा
- Haryana became a new state of India on 1st November, 1966 with Chandigarh as its capital, and since then it has made spectacular progress to become one of the most prosperous states of India.
- Haryana's geographical proximity to the national capital New Delhi and, a well developed telecom and transport infrastructure, are its major strengths in the economic field.
- Haryana lies in northern India and is bordered by the Indian states of Delhi, Rajasthan, Uttaranchal, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab. It has a population of 2,10,83,000 & an area of 44,212 sq km.
- Hindi and English are the official languages, but Haryanavi is most widely spoken. Punjabi and Urdu are also used in many areas.
- Ten Lok Sabha & five Rajya Sabha members represent Haryana in the Indian Parliament.
- Haryana is known for its brave soldiers, farming implements, Basmati rice, dairy products, rustic humour, and Murrah buffalos.
- The Chaudhary Devi Lal Herbal Nature Park is famous for its wide variety of herbs and medicinal plants.
- The state bird of Haryana is Kala Teetar (Black Francolin).