Samarth Guru Ramdas / समर्थ गुरु रामदास
Ramdas (1608-1681) was a prominent Marathi saint and religious poet in the Hindu tradition in Maharashtra , India. Samarth Ramdas was a great devotee of Hindu Gods Hanuman and Rama . Ramdas swami was born in a Deshastha Rugvedi Brahman family to Suryaji and Ranu Bai Thosar in Jamb in Jalna District of Maharashtra on Ram Navami, 1530 according to "Shaliwahan Shak" calendar. His given name was Narayan. He was devotee of God Ram and that’s why he was named as Ramdas (At age 24, he was named as Ramdas.) Since his childhood, Ramdas had an inclination toward metaphysical contemplation and religiosity. When he was eight, his father died; and at age 12, his mother arranged his marriage to her brother's daughter. However, he wanted to pursue a monasitc life, and so just as the wedding cermony was proceeding, he ran away before the marriage vows were exchanged. Ramdas Swami guided Shivaji Maharaj to setup Swaraj. Ramdas swami was a gifted composer. He produced considerable lucid and effective literature in verse form in Marathi. Among his works, two compositions particularly stand out: A small book of meditations titled "Manache Shlok" , which consists of 205 memorable four-line verses, and a large volume titled Dasabodh,which consists of 7,751 called as "owi". Manache Shlok is an advice and preaching to the human mind, to behave in an ethical way and devote oneself in the love of god. Dasabodh provides sagacious advice on both spiritual and diverse practical topics. Samartha Ramdas swami also wrote Maruti Stotra, marathi adulatory poem for Lord Hanuman. Shivaji and Ramdas swami first met in 1674, Shivaji accepting Ramdas swami then as his spiritual guru. Shivaji made available to Ramdas swami a fort named Parali Fort to establish his permanent monastery there. The fort was subsequently renamed as "Sajjangad" .Also there are some references that Sant Tukaram is the real Spiritual guru Of Shivaji raje.